Java: Covariant Return Type — a demo & definition

Returning a covariant type is the return of a subclass within an overridden method. An overridden method can only be defined in a subclass which is not related to the returned subclass. Methods can also return interfaces.

// Return type classes:
 class SuperClass {
 class SubClass extends SuperClass {
 // Classes demonstrating the covariant return type:
 class NotRelatedSuperClass {
     SuperClass getInstance() {
         return new SuperClass();
 class NotRelatedSubClass extends NotRelatedSuperClass {
     SubClass getInstance() {
         return new SubClass();

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